全球 PHO 和非 PHO 油市场 - 2023-2030
市场调查报告书
商品编码
1372583

全球 PHO 和非 PHO 油市场 - 2023-2030

Global PHO and Non-PHO based Oils Market - 2023-2030

出版日期: | 出版商: DataM Intelligence | 英文 212 Pages | 商品交期: 约2个工作天内

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简介目录

概述

2022 年,全球 PHO 和非 PHO 油市场规模达到 1,493 亿美元,预计到 2030 年将达到 2,173 亿美元,2023-2030 年预测期间复合年增长率为 4.8%。

全球范围内的油,包括非氢化油和部分氢化油,在食品业中发挥着举足轻重的作用。广泛用于食品加工、烹饪和不同非食品工业用途的烹饪和工业级油构成了 PHO 和非 PHO 基油的全球市场。上述油是各种咸味产品的重要组成部分,例如烘焙和糖果产品以及零食。

全球 PHO 和非 PHO 油市场将经历重大变革,这主要是因为人们更加意识到反式脂肪的潜在危害,特别是主要存在于 PHO 油中的反式脂肪。人们对含有较少人造成分和潜在有害成分的清洁产品标籤的需求不断增加。非 PHO 基油通常被认为更天然,因此符合清洁标籤的需求。

同样,亚太地区主导着 PHO 和非 PHO 油市场,占据了超过 1/3 的最大市场份额。亚太地区快餐业蓬勃发展,导致对适合油炸和油炸的食用油的需求不断增长。儘管基于 PHO 的油传统上用于煎炸,但法规和不断变化的消费者偏好促使人们转向非 PHO 替代品,例如以其高温稳定性而闻名的高油酸油。

动力学

清洁标籤趋势

清洁标籤趋势对 PHO(部分氢化油)和非 PHO 油的全球市场产生重大影响。这些趋势的特点是消费者越来越倾向于选择成分清单清晰易懂、不含人工添加剂或不良成分的食品。

现在,消费者比以往任何时候都更认真地审查食品的成分。由于希望饮食选择透明,他们积极寻找成分清单易于理解的产品。清洁标籤趋势强调避免使用人工添加剂,包括 PHO 中常见的反式脂肪。消费者倾向于避开此类有害添加剂,将非 PHO 油视为更天然、更干净的替代品。

消费者对非 PHO 油的需求透过他们的购买选择显而易见。许多消费者积极寻找带有「无反式脂肪」或「无 PHO」等标籤的产品,这凸显了市场对更健康替代品的需求。尼尔森 2022 年的一项调查显示,全球 60% 的消费者愿意为不含反式脂肪等人工成分的产品支付溢价。

饮食趋势和健康意识

关心自己健康的人们积极寻求健康的生活选择。他们选择反式脂肪含量较低的产品,并注意标有「不含反式脂肪」或「不含 PHO」的标籤。这种行为转变对市场动态产生了重大影响,因为食品生产商努力透过将非 PHO 油添加到其产品中来满足这一需求。

健康意识与旨在减少反式脂肪使用的监管措施相吻合。为了应对健康问题,许多国家都实施了限製或彻底禁止 PHO 使用的法规。这些监管变化与注重健康的消费者运动一致,并对食品业的产品配方产生深远影响,强调非 PHO 基油的整合。

监管限制

全球 PHO 和非 PHO 油类市场最重要的限制之一是实施严格的监管限制。许多国家的卫生当局和食品监管机构已经认识到 PHO 中普遍存在的反式脂肪对健康的危害。因此,许多司法管辖区颁布了限製或完全禁止食品生产中使用 PHO 的法规。一些国家已颁布全面禁止在食品中使用 PHO 的规定,有效限制了其使用。

某些法规要求在食品包装上对反式脂肪进行透明标籤,迫使製造商重新评估其成分选择。这通常鼓励采用非 PHO 油来减少反式脂肪含量。遵守这些法规可能会给食品生产商带来经济负担,特别是那些需要重新配製产品或修改生产流程以排除 PHO 的食品生产商。这可能会导致成本上升,并可能导致产品价格上涨。

非 PHO 替代品的可用性和成本

非 PHO 基油的可用性和成本可能会造成很大的限制。儘管存在高油酸油和非氢化油等替代品,但与 PHO 相比,它们可能并不总是方便获取或具有成本竞争力。这对渴望转型的食品生产商提出了挑战。

非 PHO 替代品的供应可能不像 PHO 那么稳固,导致间歇性稀缺和价格波动。在某些情况下,非 PHO 油可能比 PHO 更贵,这会影响生产费用并可能导致消费价格上涨。食品製造商可能需要投资重新制定产品配方,以适应非 PHO 油的使用,这是一项成本高且耗时的工作。

目录

第 1 章:方法与范围

  • 研究方法论
  • 报告的研究目的和范围

第 2 章:定义与概述

第 3 章:执行摘要

  • 按类型的片段
  • 按应用片段
  • 最终使用者的片段
  • 按地区分類的片段

第 4 章:动力学

  • 影响因素
    • 司机
      • 饮食趋势和健康意识
      • 清洁标籤趋势
    • 限制
      • 非 PHO 替代品的可用性和成本
      • 监管限制
    • 机会
    • 影响分析

第 5 章:产业分析

  • 波特五力分析
  • 供应链分析
  • 定价分析
  • 监管分析
  • 俄乌战争影响分析
  • DMI 意见

第 6 章:COVID-19 分析

  • COVID-19 分析
    • 新冠疫情爆发前的情景
    • 新冠疫情期间的情景
    • 新冠疫情后的情景
  • COVID-19 期间的定价动态
  • 供需谱
  • 疫情期间政府与市场相关的倡议
  • 製造商的策略倡议
  • 结论

第 7 章:按类型

  • 非部分氢化油(Non-PHO)
  • 部分氢化油 (PHO)

第 8 章:按应用

  • 食品和饮料
  • 药品
  • 化妆品
  • 个人护理产品
  • 其他的

第 9 章:最终用户

  • 家庭
  • 商业的

第 10 章:按地区

  • 北美洲
    • 我们
    • 加拿大
    • 墨西哥
  • 欧洲
    • 德国
    • 英国
    • 法国
    • 义大利
    • 俄罗斯
    • 欧洲其他地区
  • 南美洲
    • 巴西
    • 阿根廷
    • 南美洲其他地区
  • 亚太
    • 中国
    • 印度
    • 日本
    • 澳洲
    • 亚太其他地区
  • 中东和非洲

第 11 章:竞争格局

  • 竞争场景
  • 市场定位/份额分析
  • 併购分析

第 12 章:公司简介

  • Cargill, Inc.
    • 公司简介
    • 产品组合和描述
    • 财务概览
    • 主要进展
  • ADM
  • Bunge Limited
  • Wilmar International Ltd
  • IOI Group
  • AAK AB
  • Musim Mas Group
  • Fuji Oil Holdings Inc.
  • Golden Agri-Resources Ltd
  • Ventura Foods LLC

第 13 章:附录

简介目录
Product Code: FB7295

Overview

Global PHO and Non-PHO based Oils Market reached US$ 149.3 billion in 2022 and is expected to reach US$ 217.3 billion by 2030, growing with a CAGR of 4.8% during the forecast period 2023-2030.

The global, encompassing both non hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils, plays a pivotal role within the food industry. An extensive array of culinary and industrial-grade oils commonly utilised in food processing, cooking, and different non-food industrial uses make up the global market for PHO and non-PHO-based oils. The aforementioned oils are crucial components of an extensive assortment of savory products, such as bakery and confectionery products, and snacks.

The global PHO and non-PHO based oils market is set to go through a major evolution, mostly as a consequence of individuals being more conscious of the potential hazards of trans fats, particularly can be found mainly in PHO-based oils. There is an increasing demand for cleaner product labels that contain fewer artificial and potentially harmful ingredients. Non-PHO-based oils are often perceived as more natural and thus align with the demand for cleaner labels.

Similarly, Asia-Pacific dominates the PHO and non-PHO based oils market, capturing the largest market share of over 1/3rd. Asia-Pacific has witnessed a surge in the fast-food industry, leading to a growing need for cooking oils suitable for frying and deep frying. Although PHO-based oils were traditionally used for frying, regulations and changing consumer preferences have prompted a transition towards non-PHO alternatives, like high oleic oils, known for their stability at high temperatures.

Dynamics

Clean Label Trends

Clean label trends exert a significant influence on the global market for PHO (Partially Hydrogenated Oils) and non-PHO-based oils. These trends are marked by consumers' growing inclination towards food products characterized by clear and comprehensible ingredient lists, free from artificial additives or undesirable components.

Consumers, now more than ever, are conscientiously scrutinizing the contents of their food. They actively seek out products with easily understandable ingredient lists, driven by a desire for transparency in their dietary choices. Clean label trends underscore the avoidance of artificial additives, including trans fats frequently found in PHOs. Consumers are motivated to steer clear of such harmful additives, perceiving non-PHO-based oils as a more natural and clean substitute.

Consumer demand for non-PHO-based oils is apparent through their purchasing choices. Many consumers actively seek out products bearing labels such as "trans fat-free" or "no PHOs," underscoring the demand for healthier alternatives within the market. A Nielsen survey of 2022 uncovered that globally, 60% of consumers are willing to pay a premium for products free from artificial ingredients, including trans fats.

Dietary Trends and Health Consciousness

Healthy Living choices are actively sought out by people who are concerned about their health. They are selecting products with lower trans fat content and paying attention to labels that proclaim "trans fat-free" or "no PHOs." This behavioral shift significantly impacts the market dynamics, as food producers strive to meet this demand by incorporating non-PHO-based oils into their products.

Health-consciousness dovetails with regulatory initiatives aimed at reducing the use of trans fats. In response to health concerns, numerous countries have implemented regulations that either curtail or outright ban the usage of PHOs. These regulatory changes align with the health-conscious consumer movement and exert a profound influence on the food industry's product formulations, emphasizing the integration of non-PHO-based oils.

Regulatory Constraints

One of the foremost restraints in the global PHO and non-PHO-based oils market is the imposition of strict regulatory restrictions. Health authorities and food regulatory bodies in many nations have recognized the health hazards linked to trans fats, prevalent in PHOs. Consequently, numerous jurisdictions have enacted regulations that either curtail or entirely ban the use of PHOs in food production. Several countries have enacted comprehensive bans on the use of PHOs in food products, effectively limiting their usage.

Certain regulations mandate transparent labeling of trans fats on food packaging, compelling manufacturers to reassess their ingredient choices. This often encourages the adoption of non-PHO-based oils to reduce trans fat content. Adhering to these regulations can be financially burdensome for food producers, particularly those required to reformulate their products or modify their manufacturing processes to exclude PHOs. This can result in cost escalation, potentially leading to higher product prices.

Availability and Cost of Non-PHO Alternatives

The availability and cost of non-PHO-based oils can pose a substantial restraint. Although alternatives like high oleic oils and non-hydrogenated oils exist, they may not always be conveniently accessible or cost-competitive when compared to PHOs. This presents a challenge for food producers keen on making the transition.

The supply of non-PHO alternatives may not be as robustly established as that of PHOs, leading to intermittent scarcities and price fluctuations. In certain instances, non-PHO-based oils might be more expensive than PHOs, which can impact production expenses and potentially lead to increased consumer prices. Food manufacturers may need to invest in product reformulation to accommodate the use of non-PHO-based oils, an undertaking that can be costly and time-consuming.

Segment Analysis

The global PHO and Non-PHO based Oils market is segmented based on type, application, end-user and region.

Increased Demand for Non-PHO based Oils

The non-PHO based oils segment held 34.5% of the global market share. A primary catalyst for the demand surge in non-PHO-based oils is the escalating awareness of health issues among consumers. The well-established health risks associated with trans fats, largely present in PHOs, have heightened consumer awareness. This has prompted consumers to actively seek out alternatives low in trans fats, such as non-PHO-based oils.

A study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) Report 2022 has revealed that trans fats are accountable for over 500,000 deaths annually due to cardiovascular diseases worldwide. This stark reality has played a significant role in driving awareness and fostering demand for healthier alternatives, which increased the demand of non-PHO based oils in the market.

Consumers are increasingly gravitating toward products boasting clean labels, signifying a reduced presence of artificial or harmful ingredients. Non-PHO-based oils are often perceived as a more natural and cleaner option for food products, aligning with this broader clean label trend. The food processing industry has wholeheartedly adopted non-PHO-based oils, primarily because of their adaptability to various applications. These oils enable food manufacturers to create products with reduced trans fat content while maintaining the desired quality and taste.

Geographical Penetration

Demand for Specialty Fat Products in Asia-Pacific

The Asia-Pacific PHO and Non-PHO based Oils market held the largest market share of 40.3% in 2022 in the PHO and Non-PHO based Oils market analysis. The Asia-Pacific region demonstrates a diverse and dynamic demand for PHO (Partially Hydrogenated Oils) and non-PHO-based oils, shaped by a multitude of factors. These factors reflect the region's cultural richness, health awareness, economic growth, regulatory landscape, and evolving dietary habits.

Asia-Pacific boasts a vast and varied culinary landscape, with each locale having distinct cuisines and cooking methods. This diversity creates a substantial demand for an array of cooking oils, both PHO and non-PHO-based, to accommodate the unique requirements of each cuisine. For instance, Southeast Asian cooking predominantly uses palm oil, while South Asian dishes often rely on sunflower oil.

The heightened focus on health and nutrition in Asia-Pacific has led to an increased demand for non-PHO-based oils. Consumers are becoming more health-conscious, particularly regarding the potential health risks associated with trans fats, commonly found in PHO-based oils. Consequently, many consumers are actively seeking alternatives with minimal trans fats, such as non-PHO oils like sunflower, soybean and canola oil.

The yield of the region's agribusiness has an enormous effect on the need for specific oils. In particular, both Indonesia and Malaysia are renowned for producing palm kernel oil, making it a convenient and affordable option for cooking in these places. Between January 2017 and December 2022, 453 new cooking oil food products were introduced in Indonesia, according to Global New Products Database (GNPD).

Competitive Landscape

The major global players in the market include Cargill, Inc., ADM, Bunge Limited, Wilmar International, IOI Group, AAK AB, Wilmar International Ltd, Musim Mas Group, Fuji Oil Holdings Inc., Golden Agri-Resources Ltd and Ventura Foods LLC.

COVID-19 Impact Analysis

The COVID-19 pandemic had a widespread impact on supply chains, affecting the production and distribution of fats and oils. Lockdowns, restrictions, and labor shortages disrupted logistics, leading to challenges in accessing raw materials. The pandemic brought about changes in consumer behavior, particularly in terms of cooking at home. This shift resulted in an increased demand for edible oils, with olive oil experiencing heightened popularity due to its perceived health benefits.

Health awareness was heightened during the pandemic, influencing the consumption of fats and oils. Trans fats, which are linked to health risks, became less desirable, contributing to the increased demand for non-PHO-based oils. The closure of restaurants and a reluctance to visit physical stores prompted a surge in e-commerce and home deliveries. This change supported the demand for packaged foods and meal kits, many of which featured non-PHO-based oils.

Russia-Ukraine War Impact Analysis

The Russia-Ukraine war disrupted the export of key agricultural commodities, including sunflower oil. Ukraine is a major producer of sunflower oil, and these disruptions affected global supplies of sunflower-based non-PHO oils. The conflict contributed to price fluctuations in the fats and oils market. Uncertainties surrounding the availability of essential commodities, such as sunflower oil and soybean oil, led to price volatility and increased production costs.

Countries heavily reliant on imports of fats and oils faced challenges. For instance, nations that traditionally imported sunflower oil from Ukraine had to diversify their sources, causing ripples in the supply chain. The geopolitical tensions associated with the Russia-Ukraine conflict underscored the importance of diversified sourcing and regional stability in supply chains. Companies actively sought to mitigate risks and ensure a consistent supply of non-PHO-based oils.

By Type

  • Non-Partially Hydrogenated Oils (Non-PHO)
  • Partially Hydrogenated Oils (PHO)

By Application

  • Food and Beverages
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Cosmetics
  • Personal Care Products
  • Others

By End-User

  • Household
  • Commercial

By Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Italy
    • Russia
    • Rest of Europe
  • South America
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
    • Rest of South America
  • Asia-Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • Australia
    • Rest of Asia-Pacific
  • Middle East and Africa

Key Developments

  • In October 2023, the new reusable 10-litre multi-use jar of Freedom Refined Sunflower Oil, which is a non-hydrogenated oil was launched, according to Gemini Edibles & Fats India Limited (GEF India).
  • In October 2021, FIONA, the first on-premises brand from Bunge India, has officially launched. While Bunge India operates with some of the most well-known brands in the edible oil industry, such as Dalda, Gagan, Chambal, and Hudson, the launch of FIONA is their first brand that was created from scratch.
  • In October 2021, Calyno® cooking oil, a premium, high-performing oil, was launched for retail purchase through the newly created e-commerce website calyno.com by plant-based technology firm Calyxt, Inc. Calyno offers all the advantages of a heart-healthy cooking oil along with the practical performance of a premium oil. Farmers in the Midwest cultivate it, and it is made in America. Calyno oil has no trans fat and is allergen- and gluten-free.

Why Purchase the Report?

  • To visualize the global PHO and non-PHO based oils market segmentation based on type, application, end-user and region, as well as understand key commercial assets and players.
  • Identify commercial opportunities by analyzing trends and co-development.
  • Excel data sheet with numerous data points of PHO and non-PHO based oils market-level with all segments.
  • The PDF report consists of a comprehensive analysis after exhaustive qualitative interviews and an in-depth study.
  • Product mapping available as Excel consisting of key products of all the major players.

The global PHO and non-PHO based oils market report would provide approximately 61 tables, 57 figures and 212 Pages.

Target Audience 2023

  • Manufacturers/ Buyers
  • Industry Investors/Investment Bankers
  • Research Professionals
  • Emerging Companies

Table of Contents

1. Methodology and Scope

  • 1.1. Research Methodology
  • 1.2. Research Objective and Scope of the Report

2. Definition and Overview

3. Executive Summary

  • 3.1. Snippet By Type
  • 3.2. Snippet By Application
  • 3.3. Snippet By End-User
  • 3.4. Snippet by Region

4. Dynamics

  • 4.1. Impacting Factors
    • 4.1.1. Drivers
      • 4.1.1.1. Dietary Trends and Health Consciousness
      • 4.1.1.2. Clean Label Trends
    • 4.1.2. Restraints
      • 4.1.2.1. Availability and Cost of Non-PHO Alternatives
      • 4.1.2.2. Regulatory Constraints
    • 4.1.3. Opportunity
    • 4.1.4. Impact Analysis

5. Industry Analysis

  • 5.1. Porter's Five Force Analysis
  • 5.2. Supply Chain Analysis
  • 5.3. Pricing Analysis
  • 5.4. Regulatory Analysis
  • 5.5. Russia-Ukraine War Impact Analysis
  • 5.6. DMI Opinion

6. COVID-19 Analysis

  • 6.1. Analysis of COVID-19
    • 6.1.1. Scenario Before COVID
    • 6.1.2. Scenario During COVID
    • 6.1.3. Scenario Post COVID
  • 6.2. Pricing Dynamics Amid COVID-19
  • 6.3. Demand-Supply Spectrum
  • 6.4. Government Initiatives Related to the Market During Pandemic
  • 6.5. Manufacturers' Strategic Initiatives
  • 6.6. Conclusion

7. By Type

  • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.1.1. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 7.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By type
  • 7.2. Non-Partially Hydrogenated Oils (Non-PHO)*
    • 7.2.1. Introduction
    • 7.2.2. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 7.3. Partially Hydrogenated Oils (PHO)

8. By Application

  • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.1.1. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 8.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Application
  • 8.2. Food and Beverages*
    • 8.2.1. Introduction
    • 8.2.2. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 8.3. Pharmaceuticals
  • 8.4. Cosmetics
  • 8.5. Personal Care Products
  • 8.6. Others

9. By End-User

  • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.1.1. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User
    • 9.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By End-User
  • 9.2. Household*
    • 9.2.1. Introduction
    • 9.2.2. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%)
  • 9.3. Commercial

10. By Region

  • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.1.1. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Region
    • 10.1.2. Market Attractiveness Index, By Region
  • 10.2. North America
    • 10.2.1. Introduction
    • 10.2.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 10.2.3. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 10.2.4. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 10.2.5. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User
    • 10.2.6. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 10.2.6.1. U.S.
      • 10.2.6.2. Canada
      • 10.2.6.3. Mexico
  • 10.3. Europe
    • 10.3.1. Introduction
    • 10.3.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 10.3.3. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 10.3.4. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 10.3.5. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User
    • 10.3.6. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 10.3.6.1. Germany
      • 10.3.6.2. UK
      • 10.3.6.3. France
      • 10.3.6.4. Italy
      • 10.3.6.5. Russia
      • 10.3.6.6. Rest of Europe
  • 10.4. South America
    • 10.4.1. Introduction
    • 10.4.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 10.4.3. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 10.4.4. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 10.4.5. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User
    • 10.4.6. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 10.4.6.1. Brazil
      • 10.4.6.2. Argentina
      • 10.4.6.3. Rest of South America
  • 10.5. Asia-Pacific
    • 10.5.1. Introduction
    • 10.5.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 10.5.3. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 10.5.4. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 10.5.5. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User
    • 10.5.6. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Country
      • 10.5.6.1. China
      • 10.5.6.2. India
      • 10.5.6.3. Japan
      • 10.5.6.4. Australia
      • 10.5.6.5. Rest of Asia-Pacific
  • 10.6. Middle East and Africa
    • 10.6.1. Introduction
    • 10.6.2. Key Region-Specific Dynamics
    • 10.6.3. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Type
    • 10.6.4. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Application
    • 10.6.5. Market Size Analysis and Y-o-Y Growth Analysis (%), By End-User

11. Competitive Landscape

  • 11.1. Competitive Scenario
  • 11.2. Market Positioning/Share Analysis
  • 11.3. Mergers and Acquisitions Analysis

12. Company Profiles

  • 12.1. Cargill, Inc.
    • 12.1.1. Company Overview
    • 12.1.2. Product Portfolio and Description
    • 12.1.3. Financial Overview
    • 12.1.4. Key Developments
  • 12.2. ADM
  • 12.3. Bunge Limited
  • 12.4. Wilmar International Ltd
  • 12.5. IOI Group
  • 12.6. AAK AB
  • 12.7. Musim Mas Group
  • 12.8. Fuji Oil Holdings Inc.
  • 12.9. Golden Agri-Resources Ltd
  • 12.10. Ventura Foods LLC

LIST NOT EXHAUSTIVE

13. Appendix

  • 13.1. About Us and Services
  • 13.2. Contact Us